Smythson Family History


Matches 401 to 445 of 445

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401 Poem by a male friend signed "Cliffie" & CP, called 'Engaged to Maud' written 31 Jan 1897, original on file.

Programme of Entertainments for patients of the Cancer Hospital in Brompton, Wednesday Nov 15 1893, organised by Mr Charles H Seguier Brown, two pianoforte solos and all other pianoforte accompanyment by Miss Maud Parnell. Also singing a couple of songs is a Mr Fletcher, could this be her cousins husband Jack Fletcher? Original on file.

Sydney and Maud used to go up to Boston Spa to dry out. It would be tough having two grandparents living with you in Hampstead.

1901 census: age 28, living in 4 Rollscourt Ave Herne Hill, b Australia, Sydney with Sydney plus d. Heather P and two servants
1911 census: age 38 born Sydney, Australia married 13 years to Sydney Marcus, had 2 children of whom one died, living in Bromley with husband, daughter and mother in law.

Birth Cert:
17 Jul 1872 at London Chartered Bank, George Street, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Maud Violet Parnell, father Walter George Parnell, banker age 26 born London, England, mother Elizabeth Ellen (maiden name) Springett age 25 born Gravesend, England.

Marriage Cert:
17 March 1898 at Parish Church of St Gabriels. Pimlico.
Sydney Marcus Smythson age 28 bachelor, stockbroker of 5 Turney Rd, Dulwich, to
Maud Violet Parnell age 25 spinster of 33 Denbigh Street.
Fathers: Richard Marcus Smythson, artist & Walter George Parnell (deceased), bank clerk.
Witnesses: James Turner Donald & Constance Parnell.

Death Cert:
28 Oct 1933 at 45b Maresfield Gardens, Hampstead.
Maud Violet Smythson age 61 wife of Sydney Marcus Smythson stockbroker.
Cause: 1a, myocardial degeneration of heart, b, chronic nephius?, c, cirrhosis of liver.
Informant: S M Smythson, widower present at death.

Death announcement in The Times ( Monday Oct 30 1933):
SMYTHSON - On Oct 28 1933 at 45b Maresfield Gardens, Hampstead, NW., MAUD VIOLET, dearly loved wife of SYDNEY SMYTHSON, No mourning, by request.

Listed in national probate calendar (index of wills and admins) 1861-1941:
SMYTHSON Maud Violet of 45b Maresfield Gardens Hampstead Middlesex (wife of Sydney Marcus Smythson) died 28 Oct 1933 Probate London 15 Dec to the said Sydney Marcus Smythson stockbroker. Effects £2186 6s.

Her original Will is on file. 
Parnell, Maud Violet (I190)
402 Possible 1841 census John Hards in East Farleigh.
Age 35 Farmer born Kent with wife Elizabeth 35 & children Jane 10, John 7, Alfred 5, Horatio 3 all born Kent, plus servants, at Dean Street, East Farleigh.

1851 census not with wife & children in Tonbridge.
1871 census not with wife & daughter in Barming.

IGI marriage:
30 August 1826 at Barming, Kent.
John Hards bachelor to Elizabeth Buckland spinster.

Tree on Ancestry (joannabrackenbury) suggests he went to London and had a bigamous marriage to a Mary Ives 8 Oct 1854 at All Saints Poplar Mddx., and raised a second familyin Hackney/Islington there dying at Hendon in 1896

Wife & two children buried in East Farleigh Churchyard.
Buried in East Farleigh Graveyard (inscription reads):

Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth
Wife of John Hards
who died March 31st 1875.
Aged 70.

Elizabeth daughter of John & Elizabeth Hards
of this Parish who died July 1st 1832.
Aged 4 years & 6 months.

Elizabeth is gone;
she is gone for ever,
Yes she's gone to meet her Saviour;
She knows no sorrow, she feels no pain
She only died to live again.

Also Horatio
son of the above who died February 16th 1843.
Aged 5 years and 5 months. 
Hards, John (I448)
403 Possible IGI Marriage:
14 April 1817 Speldhurst, Kent.
Edward Smith bachelor to Hannah Mercer spinster

Possible burial NBI:
Edward Smith age 22 buried 19 Nov 1818 at St Mary, Speldhurst, Kent.

Speldhurst was the old parish of Tunbridge Wells. 
Smith, Edward (I835)
404 Possibly Mary Moore as sons name was Richard Moore Carter.

Marriage, Parish record of St Mary's Reigate.
"Richard Carter of the Parish of Kingston upon Thames Batchelor and Mary Moore of this parish Spinster were married in this church by Licence this sixth day of April in the year one thousand eight hundred and one thousand eight hundred and one by me Jeffrey Snelson Priest. This marriage was solemnised between us Richard Carter and Mary Moore.
In the presence of William Moore, Elizabeth Moore, Anne G Carter"

Could her parents be William and Elizabeth Moore?

1841 census: age 50 (rounded) Ind. born Surrey with a Frederick Carter 25 builder (son?) at Thames Street Kingston (Ennum. Dist Kingston 8 p5 west side of Thames Street)
1851 census: age 71 widow proprietor of houses, born Reigate with one servant in Thames Street, Kingston.(Kingston enn. dist. 1e page 35, couldn't find her in search )
1861 census: age 81 widow proprietor of houses, born Reigate with unmarried son George 47 fundholder born Kingston, at Thames Street, Kingston.

Can't find her in 1871 census, can't find a death/burial for Kingston (FreeBMD & online London parish records are good for Kingston up to 1812) 
Moore, Mary (I664)
405 Predeceases father.
His children John and Anne are left £15 each in their grandfather Roger's will. 
Carter, John (I2687)
406 Refered to as daughter, Mary Taylor in father's will made in 1817.

Witnesses to Ann Godson Carter's (her sister) wedding in Dec 1807 were a Thomas Taylor and Mary Ann Taylor.

Therefore she married before Dec 1807, probably to Thomas Taylor. 
Carter, Mary Anne (I2688)
407 see notes under Horatio.

Previously married to Samuel Cornish Stiles, a Royal Naval Lt.
They had children;
1815 Charles Henry
1818 Edmund Parry d. 1823
1819 Laura Frances d. 1822
1821 Ellen Mary
1823 Dewar d. 1873 - Merchant Seaman
1825 John William
1827 Julia Mainwaring m. Charles Mann 1848, d. 1862
1829 Frances Jane d. 1833 (Age 3y 5m of Gower Street, Buried St Giles in the Fields)

Charles, Edmund, Laura bapt at St Peter, Carmarthan.
Ellen, Dewar, John Wiliam (bapt twice, first as John Alexander, then John William), Julia and Frances bapt at St George, Everton, Lancs.

Samuel Cornish Stiles (from tree on Ancestry): bapt. 19 Dec 1792 Christchurch, Bahamas, Commissioned Lt RN 7 Feb 1812, (in year of American War of Independance), d.30 Oct 1831 at Fernando Point, Sierra Leone. 
Thomas, Anne (I425)
408 She & husband Walter Knight are mentioned in the 'Smythson date book'.

Birth cert ref:
Mar qtr 1845 Bourne 14 313

IGI baptism:
Isabella Hurst Daniell bapt 27 Jan 1845 at Bourne, Lincs, daughter of Walter & Ellen Eliza Daniell.

Marriage cert ref:
Jun qtr 1865 Islington London 1b 308
Isabella Hurst Daniell to Walter Knight

Marriage original Parish record on Ancestry:
9 May 1865 at Christ Church, Islington by Licence,
Walter Knight 33 bachelor surveyor of 18 Bloomsbury St to
Isabella Hurst Daniell 20 spinster of Buxton House Highbury Hill.
fathers names; Robert Knight surveyor & Walter Montelle Daniell surgeon,
witnesses; Percep Jones & Henrietta M Knight.

1851 census: age 6 with mother & step father in Islington.
1861 census: age 16 born Middx (obviously wrong) ditto from above, with mother and half siblings at 7 Highbury Hill, Middx. 
Daniell, Isabella Hurst (I244)
409 She and her children inherited from her aunt Elizabeth Isabella (Smith) Hurst.

Baptism (OPR transcripts - Derbyshire, Findmypast):
Helen Elizabeth Smith baptised 25 Jul 1819 at Buxton St John, Derbyshire, daughter of Benjamin Christian Smith, gentleman and Elizabeth French.

Marriage cert ref: Helen Eliza Smith to Walter Mantella Daniell Jun qtr 1840 Bourn 14 379

Marriage cert:
Carlby Parish Church, Lincolnshire, by Banns, by Rev. Thomas Toller Hurst (her uncle).
Monday June 1st 1840,
Walter Mantele Daniel age 26 bachelor surgeon of Bourne to
Helen Eliza Smith age 20 spinster of Carlby,
fathers' names; Francis Daniel, gent & Benjamin Christian Smith --- .
witnesses; George Horatio Smith (her brother) & Anne Catherine Daniel.

nb. Benjamin wasn't dead, but it would seem she was staying with her aunt & uncle Hurst in Carlby and he didn't think it was worth giving Benjamin an occupation on the marriage cert., even though another Smith brother, George Horatio Smith, was a witness.

1841 census: age 20 (rounded) not born Lincs, with husband Walter Mantella Daniell and prob father in law Francis Daniell 60 in West Street, Bourne, Lincs.

Widowed in 1844/45.

Remarried 1845.

Marriage cert ref: Helen Eliza Daniell to John Noble Course Dec qtr 1845 Stamford 14 1029

Marriage (OPR findmypast):
24 Dec 1845 All Saints, Stamford, Lincs. by License.
Helen Eliza Daniell (Smith) full age widow of Rutland Terrace, All Saints to
John Noble Course full age bachelor oil merchant of St James Clerkenwell Middlesex
fathers' names; Benjamin Christian Smith, gentleman & Thomas Course, gentleman.
winesses: Joseph Wilson & Elizabeth Palmer

(by 1845 Benjamin was dead)

1851 census: age 31 born Brixton (sic, Buxton?) Derbyshire, with second husband John N Course and children John N Course 3, Thomas Course 1 & Isabella Daniel 6, all at 13 Bedford Row, Islington.

1861 census: age 42 married head Houses Proprietor Wife born Buxton, Derbyshire, husband not at home, with children John N Course 13, Edward Course 9 both scholars born Bourne, Lincolnshire, Arthur Course 7 scholar born Holloway, Middlesex, Howard E Course 4 scholar born Bloomsbury(?) Middlesex, Thomas T H Daniel 19 Clerk Insurance Office born ditto, Isabella Daniel 16 born ditto, Visitor Caroline E Hodge 12 scholar born Birmingham Warwickshire plus 2 servants, at 7 Highbury Hill, (St Marks) Highbury.

1871 census: age 57 married head Income from funds born Buxton Derbyshire, no husband, children; John N Course accountant born Holloway Middlesex, Edward 19 decorators clerk born Islington, Leonard 14 Clerk Civil Service Stores born Islington, Arthur Course 17 clerk to surveyor born Islington, visitor Caroline E Hodge 22 born Birmingham, Warks, all at 14 Coram Street, Bloomsbury (St George).

1881 census Helen Coarse age 62 married head born Buxton, Derbyshire with children Edward Coarse 29 decorative artist born Islington, Arthur Coarse 27 stockbrokers clerk, Leonard E stockbrokers clerk born Islington at 21 Myddleton Square Clerkenwell.

Looks like husband John Course disappeared or worked away from home, a lot, after Leonard was born in 1857
There is a reference to a John Noble Course owning property within Old Artillery Ground- normal address Buxton House, Highbury Hill- in 1864, copy on file.
Probably the family home mentioned in 1861 census, maybe Helen called it Buxton House after the place of her birth. - photo on file, it's still called Buxton House.

I think she wrote the lyrics to a song written by her brother Marcus Alfred Smythson:
The Era 23 Dec 1843 review of a new song "The Stars of Heaven are Bright", music by Alfred Marcus Smythson, poetry by Helen Walter Daniell.
Certainly her children were close to Marcus', Frank & Leonard went on foreign trips together (passenger lists).

Death cert ref: Helen Eliza Course (66) Mar qtr 1886 Edmonton, Middlesex 3a 178

Death cert:
Helen Elizabeth Course, age 66 yrs, wife of John Noble Course, gentleman, died 17 March 1886 at 69 Hornsey Park Road, Hornsey, Middlesex. Cause of death, cancer of rectum 1yr, pneumonia 4 days certified. Informant; L E Course son of 69 Hornsey Park Road, present at death. 
Smith, Helen Eliza (I167)
410 She is the link between the Foulds and Wickens families.
Her mother Hannah married Edward Smith and they had Sarah, but Edward died when Sarah was tiny and Hannah remarried to George Foulds and had George Edward Foulds, making Sarah and George E half siblings. Sarah married Frederick Hicks, but had no children, she then married Amos Wickens and agin had no children of their own but she brought up his youngest children from his first marriage and brought up her niece, George's daughter Sarah Katherine Hicks Foulds, when her father died and mother went to live & work in London.

Baptism (OPR Findmypast):
King Charles the Martyr, Tunbridge Wells, Kent
Sarah Catherine Smith baptised 17 Jul 1817 daughter of Edward Smith & Hannah of Frant.

Marriage to Frederick Hicks:
22 May 1841 at St Martin in the Fields, Middlesex
Frederick Hicks full age bachelor upholsterer of Tonbridge Wells to
Sarah Catherine Smith full age spinster of Tonbridge Wells,
fathers: Richard Hicks, tallow chandler & Edward Smith, farmer.
witnesses: Chas Perks & A Webb

Marriage to Amos Wickens:
22 May 1860 at St Martin in the Fields, Middlesex
Amos Wickens full age widower farmer of Laughton to
Sarah Catherine Hicks full age widow of Brecknock Street,
fathers: Joseph Wickens, farmer & Edward Smith, farmer
witnesses:Chas Perks (again, he witnesses lots in this register) & E A Jenner

1841 census: age 20(rounded) born Kent, with husband Frederick & mother Hannah & stepfather George Foulds & Margaret Chailey in Tonbridge Wells, Kent.

1851 census: age 32 born Frant, Sussex with husband Frederick & 'father' George Folds(sic), at Inchreed, Rotherfield, Sussex.

above censuses filed under George Foulds

1861 census; age 39 born Speldhurst with husband Amos and step children at Laughton, Sussex.

1871 census: age 49 born Tunbridge Wells with husband Amos, 2 step sons and niece Sarah C Foulds at Gatehurst Farm, Pett, Sussex

1881 census: age 59 born Tunbridge Wells with husband step son Walter & niece Sarah C H Foulds at Gatehurst Farm, Pett.

Lovely photographs of Amos & Sarah, portraits and one of them outside Gatehurst Farm in 1880-90.

1891 census: age 68 born Tunbridge Wells with Amos at Elms Farm, Pett.
Amos' son Alfred is now the farmer at Gatehurst Farm just down the lane in Pett.

Possible death cert ref: Sarah Catherine Wickens (81) Mar qtr 1899 Islington 1b 150.

(!!- at least she didn't have a problem remembering her wedding anniversary) 
Smith, Sarah Catherine (I836)
411 She is the niece of Gabriel Hards (who was married to Sarah Matilda Salway).

So, Elizabeth's daughter Sarah "Kate" Foulds married William Benjamin Smythson the nephew of Sarah Matilda Salway & Gabriel Hards (son of Jane Harriet Salway & Alfred Marcus Smythson).

IGI Bapt:
Elizabeth Hardes bapt 12 April 1829 at East Farleigh daughter of Thomas & Susanna Hardes.

1841 census: age 12 with father & siblings at the Bull Inn, Barming, Kent.
1851 census: age 23 daughter & housekeeper born East Farleigh, Kent with widowed publican father Thomas Hards and siblings Thomas, William, Susanna & Jane F, at the Bull Inn, Barming, East Farleigh, Kent.
1861 census: age 28 born Barming, Kent with husband & daughter Sarah in Rotherfield, Sussex.
1871 census: age 36 married born Barming, Kent with son Frederick 6 born Withyham, Sussex, lodgers with John & Georgiana Pollard at Currie Villas, Tunbridge Wells, Kent.
1881 census: age 49 widow neice born Barming, Kent with her uncle Gabriel Hards at Noel House, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea.
1891 census: age 55 widow neice housekeeper born Kent, with uncle Gabriel Hards in Chelsea.

Neither of her surviving children seem to live with their mother once she moved to London; in 1871 & 1881 censuses Sarah is living with Amos Wickens & his wife Sarah, and in 1881 census her son Frederick is a drapers assistant living with draper Owen Wickens (Amos' son).

Death cert ref:
Elizabeth Foulds (71) Mar qtr 1901 Croydon 2a 198 
Hards, Elizabeth (I289)
412 Smythson 'Family Records' book:

"Foy, Elizabeth, born about 1774, married widower John Sallway at St Giles in the Fields about 1800 & previously married to Mr Harrison."

"Brothers & sisters of above Elizabeth Foy
Foy, Joseph, Hop Merchant (Borough)
Foy, Walter,
Foy, James,
Foy, William, married Miss(rs)? Gillibrand, he was with the firm of Messrs Cooke, St Pauls Clyd?,
Foy, Jane,
Foy - , married Mr Fage of the firm of Dring & Fage"

"Mrs Harrison nee Elizabeth Foy who married John Sallway, died 1 Feb 1848, buried at Highgate 7 Feb 1848"
"Mrs Sallway nee Elizabeth Foy died 10.15 pm 1 Feb 1848 age about 74, buried at Highgate 7 Feb 1848"

"Harrison, William H T, son of Mrs Harrison nee Elizabeth Foy, he had a daughter Julia Harrison who married Charles W Corss"

Marriage (OPR Ancestry):
St Giles in the Fields, Holborn,
14 Mar 1802
John Salway of this parish widower and Elizabeth Harrison of this parish widow were married in this church by Banns this fourteenth day of March in the year one thousand eight hundred and two, by me William Kedden, curate.
Witnesses; Jacob Lloyd & Eliza Lloyd
(everyone signs their names)

1841 census aged 90 (rounded) living Bow Street with daughter Jane and son in law Marcus Alfred Smythson, born in Middlesex.

Burial (OPR Ancestry):
Burials in the Highgate Cemetery of St James in the Parish of Saint Pancras, Middlesex, 1848.
Elizabeth Sallway of 2 Grove Place, Hampstead, buried Feb 7th aged 74 years.

Which gives a DOB about 1774. 
Foy, Elizabeth (I1817)
413 Smythson 'family records' book:

"Harrison. William H T , son of Mrs Harrison nee Elizabeth Foy, he had a daughter Julia Harrison who married Charles W Corss"

Possible Baptism (IGI on Ancestrty):
St Mary, Lambeth
William Henry Harrison born 12 Apr 1795, bapt 7 Feb 1808, son of John & Elizabeth Harrison.

19 Jan 1831 baptism of daughter Julia Elizabeth name given as William Henry Harrison, carver & gilder of Greek Street, Soho.

Morning Post 5 June 1833 (Findmypast):
" Inslovent Debtors Court, Portugal Street,
original unopposed cases....William Henry Harrison (sued under the name of William Harrison)..."

Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser 6 June 1833 (Findmypast):
" Insolvent Debtors Court, 5 June.....William Henry Harrison..."

Bells New Weekly Messenger 24 April 1842 (Findmypast):
" Insolvent Debtors.
Prisoners ordered to be brought up before the Court at The Court House, Portugal Street, Lincolns Inn.
On Tuesday the 10th day of May 1842....William Henry Harrison, Bow Street, Covent Garden, picture frame maker......"

16 May 1842 at daughter Laura's marriage is described as carver & gilder, but was he there or in prison? His wife Mary is one of the witnesses.

1841 census: age 45 (rounded) carver & gilder not born Middlesex, with wife Mary 45 & children Laura 15, Julia 10 & Charles 9, all born Midlesex, plus a James Grove 20 not born Middlesex and a female servant Caroline Prince, living at Bowling Green Row, Chelsea (St Luke).
(nb. FreeBMD has a marriage of a Laura Mary Harrison to a James Grove Jun qtr 1842 Chelsea...)
1851 census: age 54 carver & gilder born Lambeth with wife Mary 54 born Holborn and children Charles 18 & Julia 21 both born Soho, with visiter Ellen Pool 59 independant born St Georges, Surrey and servant Ann Barnes, at 9 Beaufort St, Chelsea, Middlesex.
1861 census: age 65 dealer in paintings born Clapham, Surrey, with wife Mary 65 born Holborn, Middlesex, daughter Julia 30 born Soho, Middlesex & lodger Emma Ann Di(x?)on, wid 29 lady born Fulham, all at 9 Beaufort Street, Chelsea.
1871 census: age 74 carver & gilder born Lambeth, with wife Mary 74 born Middlesex at 9 Beaufort Street, Chelsea.

3 Dec 1863 at marriage of daughter Julia, his name given as William Henry Harrison, carver & Gilder & dealer in fine arts.

London Evening Standard Sat 8 March 1878 (Findmypast):
" Deaths.
Harrison - March 5th, William Henry Harrison, of Beaufort-Street, Chelsea, aged 83 years."

Death cert ref:
William Henry Harrison (83) Mar qtr 1878 Chelsea 1a 215

Probate: No record of will found. 
Harrison, William Henry (I300)
414 Smythson 'Family Records' book:

"Issue [of CWC & JEH] Mary Louise Corss (only) born 15 Dec 1863, who married Marcus Henry Smythson on 17 Feb 1887"

1891 census: age 26 born London with her husband & children living with her parents at Soithbrook, 1 Princes Road, Croydon.
1901 census: age 36 (husband not at home) born City Road with her sons Mark 13 & Frank 12 both born S. Norwood, Surrey, staying with her parents at 1 Princes Road, Croydon (Southbrook)
1911 census: age 46 head (but husband not at home) married 25 yrs 2 children both survived, no occupation born City Road, London with sons at Fairlight, 260 Trinity Road, Wandsworth Common.

Electoral Roll (Ancestry):
1913 Mary Louise Smythson (no one else) at 260 Trinity Road, Wandsworth.
1915 same
1918 with son Alfred Frank Smythson at 67 Tooting Bec Road, Wandsworth.
1921 with son Alfred Frank Smythson, Mark Smythson & Elizabeth Smythson (son & wife?, don't think so, another relative?) at 260 Trinity Road, Wandsworth.
1922 same
1923 with son Alfred Frank Smythson & Blanche Bloxsidge at same.
1924 with son Alfred Frank Smythson at same.
1925 same
1945 with son Marcus W C Smythson, his wife Victoria E Smythson at their house Harlyn, Woodmansterne Lane, Banstead.

Death cert ref:
Mary Louise Smythson (81) Jun qtr 1946 Croydon 2a 741

SMYTHSON Mary Louise of 10 Colson Road East Croydon Surrey widow died 21 April 1946 at the General Hospital Croydon Probate Lewes 23 July to Marcus William Corss Smythson engineer Alfred Frank Smythson engineers clerk and Sidney Vanner Farringdon solicitor. Effects £19318 9s 6d 
Corss, Mary Louise (I1933)
415 Smythson 'family records' book:
Everything under 'Mother's side' in Ralph Smythson's handwriting;

" Gabriel Hards married Matilda, buried at Brompton"
" Gabriel Hards mother died 31 Jan 1824,
Gabriel Hards mother born 1772,
Gabriel Hards wife's birthday 7 February,
Gabriel Hards father died Aug 4 1823,
Gabriel Hards father born 1771,
Jane Hards 53 yrs on 10 April 1884,
James wedding day 25 February,
James birthday 5 March,
Gabriel Hards born Dec 30 1799,
Gabriel Hards wife died Sep 20 1880,
Henry Hards died 19 Nov 1889,
Gabriel Hards married June 6,
'my dear Lord Gainsboro' died 1881,
'my dear departed Lord Gainsboro' birthday Sep 5,
Lady Edith Noel died 22 Aug 1890 buried at Mill Hill, Hendon,
then a list of names,
The Miss Hicks,
Walter Wickens,
Samuel Wickens,
Fred Foulds married Annie Worsell?,
Edwin Hards,
Mrs Wickens lived at Goldhurst, Pett,
Mr G Hards from Yalding,
Henry Hards,
Mrs George Wickens,
Emma Hards,
F Skinner (of Bellrings),
Old Gabriel Hards,
Tommy Hards- Blackheath Eltham,
Lord Camforth 1880,
Lord Gainsborough 1880,
Lady Bellingham,
Lord George Hamilton 1880"

Don't know where they all fit in, there is a brief history of Yalding, Kent which mentions the Hards family and that they had come from East Farleigh. Photographs in Ralph's photo album are of the Hard's shop in Yalding. There are also pictures of Gabriel & Matilda.
The Noel connection could be friends rather than family, Gabriel's house was called Noel House.

At the time of his father's death in Aug 1823 he was running a pub, The Bell Inn at Findsbury, Kent which his father owned.(Will of Thomas Hards)

From his marriage cert his father's name is Thomas Hards, from 1833 newspaper article he takes over the Covent Garden Fruit Selling business of his uncle Gabriel Kennard. So it is likely his mother's maiden name was Kennard.
IGI marriage for a Thomas Hards to Martha Kennard 29 Dec 1794, East Farleigh, Kent.

1841 census: age 40 (rounded) Fruit Salesman not born Surrey, with a Rebecca Hards 13 not born Surrey, a Mary Sallways 25 Ind. not born Surrey, in the house of Maria Cooper Ind. born Surrey at Basing Place, Lambeth (St Mary), Surrey.

nb. Basing Place is where Gabriel & Sarah Matilda's daughters were born & died in 1842-44, could 'Mary Sallways' be Matty (short for Matilda) Sallway. They had already had a 'marriage' in Paris, but still going by her maiden name, so may be it wasn't actually legal? Bigamous? - yes. See 2nd marriage below.

1851 census: age 49 In Merchant Seamans Office Yeoman Guard & Clerk born East Farleigh, Kent, with wife Matilda 40 born Covent Garden & son Gabriel Hards 16 Fruit Salesman born Covent Garden, all at 12 Tavistock Street (St Paul Covent Garden).

1861 census: age 59 Clerk in General Register & Records of Seaman (Board of Trade) born E Farleigh, Kent, with wife Sarah M Hards 49 born London, servant Maria Crockford, at Noel House (5 Lindsey Place) Chelsea (St Lukes).

1871 census: 'Hardt' age 70 Retired Civil Servant born East Farleigh, with wife Matilda 50 (should be 60) born St James Covt Gdn, Middlesex, with 71 yr old servant Maria Crockford, at 5 Lindsey Place, Chelsea.

1881 census: age 84 widower born East Farleigh, Kent with neice Elizabeth Foulds widow 49 born Barming, Kent, at 110 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea. (William Benjamin Smythson married a Sarah Katherine Hicks Foulds, relation?- yes)

1891 census: age 92 widower living on own means born Kent, with neice Elisabeth Foulds 55 housekeeper born Kent, at 110 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea.

«b»Marriage to Sarah Matilda 'Matty' Salway:
Marriage OPR for British Embassy, Paris, France:
7 Jun 1839
Gabriel Hards bachelor of Kingston in the County of Surrey to Sarah Matilda Sallway of Kingston aforesaid.
Witnesses are the same as everyone elses, ie Embassy staff.

They obviously had some doubts about their marriage validity because they got married again in 1847!

Marriage cert ref:
Gabriel Hards to Sarah Matilda Sallway Jun qtr 1847 Lambeth 4 334

Marriage OPR St Mary Lambeth:
11 April 1847
Gabriel Hards of full age widower fruit salesman of Church Street, Lambeth to
Sarah Matilda Sallway of full age of Church Street, Lambeth,
fathers; Thomas Hards (decd), builder & John Sallway (decd), carver & gilder,
witnesses; Henry Sallows & Julia Sallows (her sister & brother in law)

So Gabriel was married before, his son Gabriel could be from his first marriage and the 13yr old Rebecca in 1841 census could be his daughter.

There is a Gabriel Hards, on IGI & Pallots, bapt 12 April 1835 at St Martin in the Fields, Westminster, parents Gabriel & Rebecca Hards.

Original OPR on Findmypast for same:
Baptised 12 April 1835 at St Martin in the Field by David Morgan curate,
Gabriel Hards son of Gabriel Hards, fruit salesman and Rebecca of Bow Street.

Can not find a bapt of a Rebecca Hards abt 1828, or a burial of a Rebecca Hards before 1839.
There is a death of a Rebecca Hards, St Saviour, Southwark, Mar qtr 1847 4 445, could be the daughter or 1st wife? - yes, first wife.

There is in the 1841 census a Rebecca Hards age 30 (rounded), bonnet maker not born Surrey, at 20 Williams St, Southwark with a John Doyle 45 tailor & Elizabeth Doyle 45 bonnet maker.

They had certainly separated by Jun 1839 when he 'marries' Sarah Matilda the first time.
What if Gabriel separated from his first wife but she didn't die until 1847. He had a bigamous "marriage" in Paris giving dodgy details (their parish was wrong and he said he was a bachelor) and set up home with Sarah Matilda, they had two daughters which both died in infancy; only when his first wife died, sometime in first 3 months of 1847, could he legally marry Sarah Matilda, which he did in April 1847?

Need to get the death cert of Rebecca Hards to see if that's what happened.
- yes that's exactly what happened.

«b»Marriage to Rebecca Williams«/b»:

Have managed to piece together his first marriage from newspaper articles, parish records and a will. The newspaper articles all relate to the very public marriage split up. Copies on file.
In summary :
- on 10 Aug 1836 Mrs Hards appears before magistrates at Chelsea requesting parish relief and/or their help in getting maintenance from her husband Gabriel Hards, an extensive commission salesman at Covent Garden & Yeoman Guard with income of over £300 per annum, who has left her and their 4 infant children. She was of a genteel upbringing and inherited considerable property from her parents in Frindsbury, Kent, but that all went to her husband (he was an executor to her father's estate) to invest in his various businesses and now she & the children were literally starving. She had tried to find help from the workhouse but had been turned away. It was assumed she should support herself or get support from her husband, she says she had no work experience and was totally unfit to support her children. She says that if she gave up her children to her husband, he would give her half a crown a week, but did not want to give them up. A warrant was issued for Gabriel Hards apprehension.
- on 15 Aug 1836 they print Gabriel Hands' blistering rebuff, stating that he was a caring father who, after the misconduct (he doesn't elaborate) and contracting of debts by his wife Rebecca Hards, he had offered to pay her £60 per annum with a furnished rent free house, with their eldest daughter coming to live with him. She refused, so he took the children to care for them, but when he was away she removed them from the place he had provided (doesn't sound like he had them under his own roof, or was he hiding them from her?). He declared that she would not get one penny from him until he got his children back, and he wouldn't be liable for any debts she may incur in the meantime.
- on 22 Aug 1836 Rebecca Hards prints with her version of events. She denies any substantial debts, just a couple of small ones amounting to £8 or £10 for necessaties for her & the children. She says that the offer of £60 per annum was on condition that she executed a deed of separation, which she refused to do, as she felt he had nothing against her character or conduct to warrant it.
- 28 Sep 1836 Rebecca Hards came in front of the Chelsea Magistrates again, she appeared ill (in the last stages of consumption was the description) but very respectably attired and appeared of superior education. Similar facts were gone through; that Gabriel was a commission salesman at Covent Garden and Yeoman Guard had an income exceeding £500 per annum, he had deserted her & left her to starve. She needed support for herself & three children (assume one is with Gabriel). She had inherited property from her father at Frindesbury near Chatham, which her husband had used to fund his various ex-professions as an hotel and tavern keeper, a gentleman farmer and his current profession. She said the only reason her husband had given her for leaving was that she had a bad temper. The magistrate issued a warrant for the immediate apprehension of Gabriel Hards.

nothing more is heard until

- 21 Sep 1838 Gabriel Hards was before Bow Street magistrates accused of assaulting his wife. They had been separated for some time and she had been receiving maintenance for herself and two children but for the last 15 weeks he had failed to pay, so she visited his shop but he 'flew into a passion, pinched her arms, threw her down, and finally turned her into the street.'
He denied it. He said he gave her the rent from a cottage 7s 6d per week.
She said she gave him £500 which she inherited when her father died, and now only gives her 4s 6d per week for herself & two children. Magistrate agreed that it was insufficient to support 3 persons.
Gabriel then accused her of putting the children 'out to nurse and walked like a lady', finding them neglected he took them back and now provided for them and two other of his children that he had always supported.
She said that if he had paid his maintenance regularily she would happily looked after them and not troubled him.
He said 7s 6d rent she received from the Bayswater Cottage was quite enough for one person.
She said she'd take the children and support them if he would give her 20s a week, but he refused to.
He was bailed to appear again for the assault on his wife and to find bail of £100 himself & £50 each from two sureties.

Will of Richard Williams:
Written; 11 Aug 1827, Proved 27 Mar 1830.
Richard Williams broker senior in Maidstone but resident in parish of Boxley in Kent.
Wife Elizabeth,
Children William Williams, Richard Williams, Elizabeth Hawkins, Ann Williams, Rebecca Hards, Martha Williams.
Executors: William Williams, Richard Williams & Gabriel Hards.
Rebecca was left a property in Frindsbury, Kent.

IGI Marriage:
Gabriel Hardes to Rebecca Williams
18 Jun 1827 at St Mary Magdalene, Gillingham. Kent

Children with Rebecca :
Rebecca Hards 1827/28 (in 1841 census, not born Surrey)
Mary Hards 1830 (bapt 21 Nov 1830 at East Farleigh, Kent)
Martha Hards born 7 Nov 1832 (bapt 19 Dec 1832 at St Paul, Covent Garden)
Gabriel Hards 1835 (bapt 12 Apr 1835 at St Martin in the Field, Westminster)

«b»Other references:
«/b»Maidstone Journal & Kentish Advertiser 28 May 1833:
"To Fruit Growers
Begs to aquaint his Friends that his Son having
relinquished the Business of Salesman, in Covent
Garden Market, as last season carried on with his Nephew,
GABRIEL HARDS, his Nephew intends to CONTINUE and
CARRY on the said BUSINESS HIMSELF, and from his
correctness, punctual payments, and continued assiduity, he
trusts he will merit that share of patronage and support so gene-
rously conceded last season."«b»
Staff list of the Lord Chamberlaine's Office (Findmypast):
1840 Yeoman Gabriel Hards.

Westminster Rate books (Findmypast):
(Long Acre, Drury Lane ward)
1839 -1847
Gabriel Hards is the 'occupier' of 16 Dukes Court, 'house with yard etc'
He is also the occupier of 6 Dukes Court
Gabriel Hards is occupier 16 Dukes Court with a note "see above Salway", and Matilda Salway (who is by now actually married to him) is the occupier at 6 Dukes Court with a note "see below Hards".
Gabriel has both 6 & 16 Duke Court in his name.
I am guessing these were rental properties for income, as their address in the 1851 census was 12 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.
In fact a note in the margin on one of the 1853 Rate asessments gives his address as 12 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.

Electoral Register (Hammersmith Ward):
1857- 1861 living at 12 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, but owning a freehold house at 5 Lindsey Place, Chelsea.
nb. for a couple of years 1858/59 a John Hards living at 64 Brunswick Street, Borough, was owning properties at Lindsey Place & Riley Street, Chelsea.
1862-1869 just 5 Lindsey Place listed as freehold residence.
1880 Noel House 110 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea is freehold property.
1890-93 same.

Death cert ref:
Gabriel Hards (93) Mar qtr 1893 Chelsea London 1a 298

Hands Gabriel of Noel House Cheyne Walk Chelsea Middlesex gentleman died 4 Feb 1893. Probate London 28 March to Frank Smythson stationer, John Jackson Wheeler auctioneer and George Thomas Ruck gentleman. Effects £1498 14s 10d.

Index to death Duty Registers 1893:
Hards Gabriel died 4 Feb 1893, Chelsea, executor F Smythson, Principle Registry, affidavit 3454, will folio 1159.

Will (Original in Ralph Smythson Chest): 
Hards, Gabriel (I285)
416 Smythson Book, listing Hards family:
"Jane Hards 53 on 10 April 1884"
This would tie in perfectly.(there is also a name "Edwin Hards", which would be her brother)

IGI bapt:
Jane Hards bapt 22 May 1831 at East Farleigh daughter of John & Elizabeth Hards.

1841 census: age 10 with parents in East Farleigh.
1851 census: age 19 born East Farleigh with mother & siblings in Tonbridge.

1871 census: age 39 unmarried 'formerly a governess' born East Farleigh with mother in Glebe Cottage, Barming. 
Hards, Jane (I799)
417 Smythson Date book:
In list of names for Hards family, "Edwin Hards". (there is also a note about Jane Hards being 53 on 10 April 1884, which would be his sister)

Birth cert ref:
Edwin James Hards Sep q1842 Maidstone 5 277

IGI Bapt:
Edwin James Hards bapt 4 Oct 1842 at East Farleigh son oif John & Elizabeth Hards.

1851 census: age 8 with mother Elizabeth and siblings in Tonbridge. 
Hards, Edwin James (I801)
418 Son Albert's marriage cert (found in a tree on Ancestry) on 13 Dec 1887 has their mother as Letitia Hodgson nee Cochrane and father as Thomas Hodgson, engine man (deceased). Hodgson, Thomas Ivan (I207)
419 Son of Ada Daisy Springett Parnell Baumgarte Tree Briggs!
Full name in her will given as Eric Clive Springett.
Not recognised as a son of William Briggs in his will. (William left him a bequest the same as Ada's other daughter from her previous marriage).
Lived in Duncan, British Columbia when William Briggs will was written in 1930.
Can't find birth cert under Briggs, Spingett or Tree.

1901 census not with mother, so guess he was born later. Although the following would suggest he was born between Mar 1900 and early 1901. See gravestone note below, giving birthday as 14 Mar 1901 he'd be two weeks old on 31 Mar 1901, the census date, where is he???

1911 census: age 10 born India, at school at Wellesly House, Broad Lane, Ramsgate Road, Broadstairs, Kent.

Passenger List arrival at St John, New Brunswick, Canada onboard SS Scotian March 1919:
Eric C Springett sharing cabin with Chas L Roberts. He says he's age 18 Student Land Surveyor never been to Canada before, born in India, destination Victoria B.C. (Britsh Columbia) staying with Major Roberts. (Who is a Land Surveyor, born England but lived in Canada 1905-1918 home Victoria B.C. refered to as returning Canadian)

Passenger list for sailing from Southampton 26 Aug 1922 to New York on board SS Mauritania arriving 2 Sep 1922 New York:
Eric Clive Springett age 21 yrs 6 mths single student english last permenant address Guelph, Canada in transit to Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Name and address of nearesr relative or friend in country whence alien came; Guardian Dr W Briggs, Burlington House, Cambridge.
He paid his own passage, had never visited the USA before, visiting his sister Miss G Tree 55 East 76th St New York, staying 1 month, health good, height 5 ft 9 in complexion fair, hair brown, eyes hazel, born Bombay, India (!)

Canada Immigration form completed on reaching Canada after visiting his sister in New York:
Confirms sailing 2nd class on SS Mauritania leaving England 26 Aug 1922.
Eric Clive Springett age 21, current occupation, Student, intended occupation, Farmer .
Birthplace, Bombay India, British citizen. Object in going to Canada, Farming. Do you intend to remain permanently in Canada, Yes.
Address in Canada Ontario Agricultural College, Guelph.
Port of previous entry, Montreal. Date of previous entry, March 1919.
Port of departure from Canada, Montreal. Date, 21 April 1922. Reason, Hoilday.
$400 cash.
Nearest relative in country from which you came, Dr W Briggs LLD, Uncle,
Burlington House, Cambridge. website:
Has his headstone and a short biography of him & his wife;
«b»«i»Eric Clive SPRINGETT«/b»
«b»St. Peter's Anglican, Quamichan, Duncan Cemetery«/b» «b»Vancouver Island Region, British Columbia«/b» SPRINGETT
Eric 1900 - 1983
Phyllis (nee WALLICH) 1897 - 1985
Eric - born 14 Mar. 1901 (BC Archives) Bombay, India, d. 14 Aug. 1983. Phyllis - born 27 Sept. 1897, Gloucester, England, daughter of Collings & Mary Wallich, died 15 Sept. 1985. Adjacent to the stone of Phyllis' parents. 
Springett Briggs, Eric Clive (I626)
420 Sons marraige cert gives occupation as agent Soward, Frank (I400)
421 Suspect she married a Edward Watson on the same day & place as her sister Catherine married Thomas Toller Hurst Daniell. (same marriage cert ref)

Marriage cert ref:
Harriet Spooner to Edward Watson Dec qtr 1863 Gravesend 2a 495 
Spooner, Harriet (I769)
422 The Times (online archive):
Births Monday 9 June 1902
"SMYTHSON,- On 6 June, at 4 Rollscourt-avenue, Herne Hill, SE, the wife of SYDNEY M SMYTHSON, of a son."

Death cert ref:
Sep qtr 1902 Lambeth 1d 262

London Burial Register for South Metropolitan Cemetery, West Norwood (same as his grand father Richard Marcus Smythson):
Richard Lawrence Smythson (no.a31997) of 4 Rollscourt Avenue, Herne Hill, buried 8 Sep 1902 age 3 months. 
Smythson, Richard Lawrence (I191)
423 Tree on Ancestry' taggszulc' by ruthzulc has additional details of two more children for Walter & Helen including:
Francis George 'Frank' Daniell 1843-1845, with burial date of 7 Feb 1845 Bourn, Lincs.

Birth cert ref:
Francis George Daniell Mar qtr 1843 Bourn 14 293

Death cert ref:
Francis George Daniell Mar qtr 1845 Bourn 14 216

IGI Bapt (Ancestry):
Francis George Daniell bapt 31 May 1843 at Bourne, Lincs to Walter Martell Daniell & Ellen Eliza. 
Daniell, Francis George (I812)
424 Very possibly Elizabeth Isabella Bird.

There are 2 baptisms for an Elizabeth Isabella Smith at St Michaels to father William Smith, one in 1771 (mother Elizabeth Isabella) & one in 1777( mother Isabella).
May be the mother's full name was Elizabeth Isabella but known as Isabella and they had two daughters baptised after their mother, the first one dying before 1777 when the second was born.

Marriage FreeREG (OPR St Michael,Stamford) :
21 Oct 1770 by Licence,
Willliam Smith bachelor of Stamford to Elizabeth Isabella Bird spinster of same,
witnesses Henry Newby & Mary Nichols. 
Bird, Elizabeth Isabella (I1825)
425 We have a glass plate photograph.

Birth certificate:
Eliza Spooner born 24 Aug 1845 at 30 minutes before 1 am at Park Cottage, father Frederick William Spooner, accountant and mother Sarah Ann Spooner formerly Janes, informant F W Spooner father of Park Cottage, The Marsh, Battersea.

Baptism (OPR):
St Mary, Battersea
Eliza Spooner, born 24 Aug 1845, baptised 13 May 1846 to Frederick William Spooner, accountant and Sarah Ann of Battersea.

Marriage certificate:
10th October 1867 at Gravesend Parish Church, Kent,
Richard Marcus Smith of full age bachelor, gentleman of St George The Martyr, Queen Square, Middlesex to
Eliza Spooner of full age spinster of Gravesend,
fathers' names: Marcus Alfred Smith, gentleman & Frederick William Spooner, gentleman,
witnesses: F W Spooner & Ellen Spooner (her father and sister).

1911 census: aged 65 widow born Battersea with son Sydney Marcus Smythson and family in Bromley.
1901 census: aged 52 b Battersea with husband Richard at 5 Turney Road, Tulse Hill.
1891 census: aged 43 born Bloomsbury with husband & children Maud H 22, Sydney M 21 & Gertrude H 14 at 35 Wharton Street, Clerkenwell.
1881 census: E Smythson aged 34 b Battersea, Surrey living at 35 Wharton St, Clerkenwell with Eliza, Maud, Sydney, Gertrude and a servant.
1871 census: aged 24 b Battersea, Surrey with husband Richard & children Eliza, Maud and Sydney, living at 23 East St, Queens Square, Bloomsbury.
1861 census:
1851 census: aged 5 b Battersea with parents Frederick William & Sarah Ann & siblings at Heath Cottage, St James Road, Croydon Common.

Death Cert reg:
Eliza Smythson age 78 Sep Qtr 1923 Lewes 2b 181

Death certificate:
Eliza Smythson, widow of Richard Smythson artist lithographer, of 182 Croxted Road, West Dulwich died on 24 Sep 1923 at Victoria Hospital, Lewes, cause of death 1. acute intestinal obstruction 2. chronic valvular disease of heart. Syncope no pm certified, informant J(sic- should read S) M Smythson son of 182 Croxted Road, West Dulwich in attendance. 
Spooner, Eliza (I176)
426 Which means two Spooner sisters married cousins, two grandsons of Benjamin Christian Smythson.

1871 census: age 28 born Middlesex with husband & daughter at her parents house in Gravesend.
1881 census: age 38 born Middlesex wth husband & 3 children at 1 Marlborough Cresent, Bedford Park, Acton.
1891 census: age 48 born Middlesex with husband & 2 children at 1 Marlborough Cresent. 
Spooner, Catharine Sarah (I768)
427 Wife is either Lucy Parker or Mary Louise Corss based on Freebmd Family F457
428 Will gives her address as Fashion Street and mentions her sister Charlotte also of Fashion Street, Spitalfield.

Plaque in Christ Church Spitalfields says she's the eldest daughter of Philip and Lydia Chabot and died 30 May 1813 aged 40. ie born 1773. 
Chabot, Elizabeth (I2400)
429 Witensses William Shalders, Elizabeth Davis Family F573
430 Witnesses Edwin C Graves and Sarah Henrietta Blair Family F287
431 Witnesses FA Ansell, GO Templer, EE Edwards Family F286
432 Witnesses FW Spooneer and Ellen Spooner Family F56
433 Witnesses G Morton and L Gouillard
i.e. not family which would be consistent with lieing about age. 
Family F289
434 Witnesses Helen Jane Smythson and Alfred George Smythson Family F223
435 Witnesses James Jones (her Dad), and Eliza Martha Jones Family F189
436 Witnesses John Thomas Jenkins, Amy Jenkins Family F577
437 Witnesses Peter Richard James and Anne Constable Family F574
438 Witnesses Richard Streep and Mary Akehwat - both surnames hard to read Family F226
439 Witnesses sister G Smythson and F-E Drummond Hays Family F58
440 Witnesses Thomas Foster and Elizabeth Ann Ames Foster Family F730
441 Witnesses were father Marcus and Gabriel Hards Family F283
442 Witnesses were father Sydney, Caroline Bott (mother?) and John Bott (father) Family F57
443 Witnesses were James Turner Donald, Lionel S Lewis and Aunt Constance Parnell Family F60
444 Witnesses were Thomas Foster and Sarah Ann Springettt
Elizabeth was a spinster 
Family F183
445 witnesses:Jane Greensted & AH HASLEWOOD Family F61

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