Smythson Family History

Gabriel Hards

Gabriel Hards

Male 1799 - 1893  (93 years)

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  • Name Gabriel Hards 
    Born 30 Dec 1799  East Farleigh, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 4 Feb 1893  Noel House, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I285  Smythson Tree
    Last Modified 8 Dec 2016 

    Father Thomas Hards,   b. 1771,   d. 4 Aug 1823, East Farleigh, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Mother Martha Kennard,   b. 1772,   d. 31 Jan 1824, East Farleigh, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 29 Dec 1794  East Farleigh, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F100  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Rebecca Williams,   b. 2 Feb 1806,   d. 2 Feb 1847, 13 John Street West Southwark, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Married 18 Jun 1827  St Mary Magdalene, Gillingham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Rebecca Hards,   b. 1828, Frindsbury, Rochester, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Mary Hards,   b. 1830,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Martha Hards,   b. 7 Nov 1832,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Gabriel Hards,   b. 1835, Covent Garden, Middlesex Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 13 Feb 2016 
    Family ID F103  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Sarah Matilda Salway,   b. 7 Feb 1810, 30 Bow Street, Covent Garden, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Sep 1880, Noel House, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Married 7 Jun 1839  British Embassy, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Matilda Hards,   b. 1843, Basing Place, Lambeth, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1844, Lambeth, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     2. Julia Hards,   b. 1845, Bazing Place, Lambeth, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1846, Lambeth, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
    Last Modified 11 Feb 2015 
    Family ID F91  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Gabriel Hards
    Gabriel Hards
    Taken in Brighton.
    Gabriel Hards & wife Sarah Matilda (Mattie Salway)
    Gabriel Hards & wife Sarah Matilda (Mattie Salway)
    Gabriel Hards
    Gabriel Hards

  • Notes 
    • Smythson 'family records' book:
      Everything under 'Mother's side' in Ralph Smythson's handwriting;

      " Gabriel Hards married Matilda, buried at Brompton"
      " Gabriel Hards mother died 31 Jan 1824,
      Gabriel Hards mother born 1772,
      Gabriel Hards wife's birthday 7 February,
      Gabriel Hards father died Aug 4 1823,
      Gabriel Hards father born 1771,
      Jane Hards 53 yrs on 10 April 1884,
      James wedding day 25 February,
      James birthday 5 March,
      Gabriel Hards born Dec 30 1799,
      Gabriel Hards wife died Sep 20 1880,
      Henry Hards died 19 Nov 1889,
      Gabriel Hards married June 6,
      'my dear Lord Gainsboro' died 1881,
      'my dear departed Lord Gainsboro' birthday Sep 5,
      Lady Edith Noel died 22 Aug 1890 buried at Mill Hill, Hendon,
      then a list of names,
      The Miss Hicks,
      Foulds,
      Skinners,
      Walter Wickens,
      Samuel Wickens,
      Fred Foulds married Annie Worsell?,
      Edwin Hards,
      Mrs Wickens lived at Goldhurst, Pett,
      Mr G Hards from Yalding,
      Henry Hards,
      Mrs George Wickens,
      Emma Hards,
      F Skinner (of Bellrings),
      Old Gabriel Hards,
      Tommy Hards- Blackheath Eltham,
      Lord Camforth 1880,
      Lord Gainsborough 1880,
      Lady Bellingham,
      Lord George Hamilton 1880"

      Don't know where they all fit in, there is a brief history of Yalding, Kent which mentions the Hards family and that they had come from East Farleigh. Photographs in Ralph's photo album are of the Hard's shop in Yalding. There are also pictures of Gabriel & Matilda.
      The Noel connection could be friends rather than family, Gabriel's house was called Noel House.
      ..................................

      At the time of his father's death in Aug 1823 he was running a pub, The Bell Inn at Findsbury, Kent which his father owned.(Will of Thomas Hards)

      From his marriage cert his father's name is Thomas Hards, from 1833 newspaper article he takes over the Covent Garden Fruit Selling business of his uncle Gabriel Kennard. So it is likely his mother's maiden name was Kennard.
      IGI marriage for a Thomas Hards to Martha Kennard 29 Dec 1794, East Farleigh, Kent.

      «b»Census:«/b»
      1841 census: age 40 (rounded) Fruit Salesman not born Surrey, with a Rebecca Hards 13 not born Surrey, a Mary Sallways 25 Ind. not born Surrey, in the house of Maria Cooper Ind. born Surrey at Basing Place, Lambeth (St Mary), Surrey.

      nb. Basing Place is where Gabriel & Sarah Matilda's daughters were born & died in 1842-44, could 'Mary Sallways' be Matty (short for Matilda) Sallway. They had already had a 'marriage' in Paris, but still going by her maiden name, so may be it wasn't actually legal? Bigamous? - yes. See 2nd marriage below.

      1851 census: age 49 In Merchant Seamans Office Yeoman Guard & Clerk born East Farleigh, Kent, with wife Matilda 40 born Covent Garden & son Gabriel Hards 16 Fruit Salesman born Covent Garden, all at 12 Tavistock Street (St Paul Covent Garden).

      1861 census: age 59 Clerk in General Register & Records of Seaman (Board of Trade) born E Farleigh, Kent, with wife Sarah M Hards 49 born London, servant Maria Crockford, at Noel House (5 Lindsey Place) Chelsea (St Lukes).

      1871 census: 'Hardt' age 70 Retired Civil Servant born East Farleigh, with wife Matilda 50 (should be 60) born St James Covt Gdn, Middlesex, with 71 yr old servant Maria Crockford, at 5 Lindsey Place, Chelsea.

      1881 census: age 84 widower born East Farleigh, Kent with neice Elizabeth Foulds widow 49 born Barming, Kent, at 110 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea. (William Benjamin Smythson married a Sarah Katherine Hicks Foulds, relation?- yes)

      1891 census: age 92 widower living on own means born Kent, with neice Elisabeth Foulds 55 housekeeper born Kent, at 110 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea.

      «b»Marriage to Sarah Matilda 'Matty' Salway:
      «/b»
      Marriage OPR for British Embassy, Paris, France:
      7 Jun 1839
      Gabriel Hards bachelor of Kingston in the County of Surrey to Sarah Matilda Sallway of Kingston aforesaid.
      Witnesses are the same as everyone elses, ie Embassy staff.

      They obviously had some doubts about their marriage validity because they got married again in 1847!

      Marriage cert ref:
      Gabriel Hards to Sarah Matilda Sallway Jun qtr 1847 Lambeth 4 334

      Marriage OPR St Mary Lambeth:
      11 April 1847
      Gabriel Hards of full age widower fruit salesman of Church Street, Lambeth to
      Sarah Matilda Sallway of full age of Church Street, Lambeth,
      fathers; Thomas Hards (decd), builder & John Sallway (decd), carver & gilder,
      witnesses; Henry Sallows & Julia Sallows (her sister & brother in law)

      So Gabriel was married before, his son Gabriel could be from his first marriage and the 13yr old Rebecca in 1841 census could be his daughter.

      There is a Gabriel Hards, on IGI & Pallots, bapt 12 April 1835 at St Martin in the Fields, Westminster, parents Gabriel & Rebecca Hards.

      Original OPR on Findmypast for same:
      Baptised 12 April 1835 at St Martin in the Field by David Morgan curate,
      Gabriel Hards son of Gabriel Hards, fruit salesman and Rebecca of Bow Street.

      Can not find a bapt of a Rebecca Hards abt 1828, or a burial of a Rebecca Hards before 1839.
      There is a death of a Rebecca Hards, St Saviour, Southwark, Mar qtr 1847 4 445, could be the daughter or 1st wife? - yes, first wife.

      There is in the 1841 census a Rebecca Hards age 30 (rounded), bonnet maker not born Surrey, at 20 Williams St, Southwark with a John Doyle 45 tailor & Elizabeth Doyle 45 bonnet maker.

      They had certainly separated by Jun 1839 when he 'marries' Sarah Matilda the first time.
      What if Gabriel separated from his first wife but she didn't die until 1847. He had a bigamous "marriage" in Paris giving dodgy details (their parish was wrong and he said he was a bachelor) and set up home with Sarah Matilda, they had two daughters which both died in infancy; only when his first wife died, sometime in first 3 months of 1847, could he legally marry Sarah Matilda, which he did in April 1847?

      Need to get the death cert of Rebecca Hards to see if that's what happened.
      - yes that's exactly what happened.

      «b»Marriage to Rebecca Williams«/b»:

      Have managed to piece together his first marriage from newspaper articles, parish records and a will. The newspaper articles all relate to the very public marriage split up. Copies on file.
      In summary :
      - on 10 Aug 1836 Mrs Hards appears before magistrates at Chelsea requesting parish relief and/or their help in getting maintenance from her husband Gabriel Hards, an extensive commission salesman at Covent Garden & Yeoman Guard with income of over £300 per annum, who has left her and their 4 infant children. She was of a genteel upbringing and inherited considerable property from her parents in Frindsbury, Kent, but that all went to her husband (he was an executor to her father's estate) to invest in his various businesses and now she & the children were literally starving. She had tried to find help from the workhouse but had been turned away. It was assumed she should support herself or get support from her husband, she says she had no work experience and was totally unfit to support her children. She says that if she gave up her children to her husband, he would give her half a crown a week, but did not want to give them up. A warrant was issued for Gabriel Hards apprehension.
      - on 15 Aug 1836 they print Gabriel Hands' blistering rebuff, stating that he was a caring father who, after the misconduct (he doesn't elaborate) and contracting of debts by his wife Rebecca Hards, he had offered to pay her £60 per annum with a furnished rent free house, with their eldest daughter coming to live with him. She refused, so he took the children to care for them, but when he was away she removed them from the place he had provided (doesn't sound like he had them under his own roof, or was he hiding them from her?). He declared that she would not get one penny from him until he got his children back, and he wouldn't be liable for any debts she may incur in the meantime.
      - on 22 Aug 1836 Rebecca Hards prints with her version of events. She denies any substantial debts, just a couple of small ones amounting to £8 or £10 for necessaties for her & the children. She says that the offer of £60 per annum was on condition that she executed a deed of separation, which she refused to do, as she felt he had nothing against her character or conduct to warrant it.
      - 28 Sep 1836 Rebecca Hards came in front of the Chelsea Magistrates again, she appeared ill (in the last stages of consumption was the description) but very respectably attired and appeared of superior education. Similar facts were gone through; that Gabriel was a commission salesman at Covent Garden and Yeoman Guard had an income exceeding £500 per annum, he had deserted her & left her to starve. She needed support for herself & three children (assume one is with Gabriel). She had inherited property from her father at Frindesbury near Chatham, which her husband had used to fund his various ex-professions as an hotel and tavern keeper, a gentleman farmer and his current profession. She said the only reason her husband had given her for leaving was that she had a bad temper. The magistrate issued a warrant for the immediate apprehension of Gabriel Hards.

      nothing more is heard until

      - 21 Sep 1838 Gabriel Hards was before Bow Street magistrates accused of assaulting his wife. They had been separated for some time and she had been receiving maintenance for herself and two children but for the last 15 weeks he had failed to pay, so she visited his shop but he 'flew into a passion, pinched her arms, threw her down, and finally turned her into the street.'
      He denied it. He said he gave her the rent from a cottage 7s 6d per week.
      She said she gave him £500 which she inherited when her father died, and now only gives her 4s 6d per week for herself & two children. Magistrate agreed that it was insufficient to support 3 persons.
      Gabriel then accused her of putting the children 'out to nurse and walked like a lady', finding them neglected he took them back and now provided for them and two other of his children that he had always supported.
      She said that if he had paid his maintenance regularily she would happily looked after them and not troubled him.
      He said 7s 6d rent she received from the Bayswater Cottage was quite enough for one person.
      She said she'd take the children and support them if he would give her 20s a week, but he refused to.
      He was bailed to appear again for the assault on his wife and to find bail of £100 himself & £50 each from two sureties.

      Will of Richard Williams:
      Written; 11 Aug 1827, Proved 27 Mar 1830.
      Richard Williams broker senior in Maidstone but resident in parish of Boxley in Kent.
      Wife Elizabeth,
      Children William Williams, Richard Williams, Elizabeth Hawkins, Ann Williams, Rebecca Hards, Martha Williams.
      Executors: William Williams, Richard Williams & Gabriel Hards.
      Rebecca was left a property in Frindsbury, Kent.

      IGI Marriage:
      Gabriel Hardes to Rebecca Williams
      18 Jun 1827 at St Mary Magdalene, Gillingham. Kent

      Children with Rebecca :
      Rebecca Hards 1827/28 (in 1841 census, not born Surrey)
      Mary Hards 1830 (bapt 21 Nov 1830 at East Farleigh, Kent)
      Martha Hards born 7 Nov 1832 (bapt 19 Dec 1832 at St Paul, Covent Garden)
      Gabriel Hards 1835 (bapt 12 Apr 1835 at St Martin in the Field, Westminster)

      «b»Other references:
      «/b»Maidstone Journal & Kentish Advertiser 28 May 1833:
      "To Fruit Growers
      GABRIEL KENNARD
      Begs to aquaint his Friends that his Son having
      relinquished the Business of Salesman, in Covent
      Garden Market, as last season carried on with his Nephew,
      GABRIEL HARDS, his Nephew intends to CONTINUE and
      CARRY on the said BUSINESS HIMSELF, and from his
      correctness, punctual payments, and continued assiduity, he
      trusts he will merit that share of patronage and support so gene-
      rously conceded last season."«b»
      «/b»
      Staff list of the Lord Chamberlaine's Office (Findmypast):
      1840 Yeoman Gabriel Hards.
      1841
      1842
      1844

      Westminster Rate books (Findmypast):
      (Long Acre, Drury Lane ward)
      1839 -1847
      Gabriel Hards is the 'occupier' of 16 Dukes Court, 'house with yard etc'
      1845
      He is also the occupier of 6 Dukes Court
      1846-1852
      Gabriel Hards is occupier 16 Dukes Court with a note "see above Salway", and Matilda Salway (who is by now actually married to him) is the occupier at 6 Dukes Court with a note "see below Hards".
      1853-59
      Gabriel has both 6 & 16 Duke Court in his name.
      I am guessing these were rental properties for income, as their address in the 1851 census was 12 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.
      In fact a note in the margin on one of the 1853 Rate asessments gives his address as 12 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.

      Electoral Register (Hammersmith Ward):
      1857- 1861 living at 12 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, but owning a freehold house at 5 Lindsey Place, Chelsea.
      nb. for a couple of years 1858/59 a John Hards living at 64 Brunswick Street, Borough, was owning properties at Lindsey Place & Riley Street, Chelsea.
      1862-1869 just 5 Lindsey Place listed as freehold residence.
      1880 Noel House 110 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea is freehold property.
      1890-93 same.


      Death cert ref:
      Gabriel Hards (93) Mar qtr 1893 Chelsea London 1a 298

      Probate:
      Hands Gabriel of Noel House Cheyne Walk Chelsea Middlesex gentleman died 4 Feb 1893. Probate London 28 March to Frank Smythson stationer, John Jackson Wheeler auctioneer and George Thomas Ruck gentleman. Effects £1498 14s 10d.

      Index to death Duty Registers 1893:
      Hards Gabriel died 4 Feb 1893, Chelsea, executor F Smythson, Principle Registry, affidavit 3454, will folio 1159.

      Will (Original in Ralph Smythson Chest):